“2-stroke” and “4-stroke” are terms you become familiar with as a lawnmower owner or someone looking to buy one. The words describe the type of engine your lawnmower has. If you aren’t a professional lawnmower, you might not be concerned about whether your lawnmower has a 2-stroke engine or a 4-stroke engine, as long as it cuts your grass perfectly and does its job efficiently. However, knowing what they mean would help you understand your machine better. Most lawn mowers had 2-stroke engines; however, 4-stroke lawnmowers have grown increasingly popular because of their environmental benefits.
Checking the type of fuel tank your lawnmower has is the quickest way to find out the kind of engine it has. A 2-stroke lawnmower engine has just one port for oil and fuel, while a 4-stroke lawnmower engine has two ports for oil and fuel.
Is Your Lawn Mower 2-stroke or 4-stroke?
It is very easy to determine the type of lawnmower engine you have. All you need to do is:
- Check Your Fuel Tank: we’ve established that the quickest way to know the type of engine your machine has is to check the fuel tank. If your fuel tank has a single intake port, it’s a 2-stroke engine. In 2-stroke engines, oil and fuel need to be mixed, and as a result, there’s just a single port. A 4-stroke engine, on the other hand, has individual ports for fuel and oil.
You can also know your engine type without doing any intrusive inspection of the machine itself. There are a few signs that indicate the type of engine your lawnmower has; all you need to do is:
- Observe The Noise: if you already have a lawnmower and you’re curious about the type of stroke your engine has, another way to confirm whether or not it’s a 2-stroke or 4-stroke is to check the noise produced by your machine. If your mower is very noisy, it’s a 2-stroke machine; if the noise is moderate and tolerable, it’s a 4-stroke machine.
- Observe The Exhaust: one way to identify the type of engine your mower has is to check the exhaust gas it produces. A 2-stroke lawn mower produces a lot of exhaust gas, while a 4-stroke lawnmower produces minimal gas.
How To Describe A stroke:
During the combustion cycle of an engine, the piston rises and falls in the engine’s cylinder. A stroke is the precise movement of the pistol through the cylinder in a combustion engine.
What Is A Combustion Cycle?
The combustion cycle describes the entire process in your machine’s engine when it is turned on. The combustion cycle has four critical processes, which include:
- Intake: The piston is pushed down the cylinder, and the air-fuel combination is drawn in.
- Compression: the piston moves upwards through the cylinder during this process. The moving action of the piston causes the air-fuel mixture to compress.
- Combustion: the spark plug plays a role in the combustion process. It produces a spark that ignites the air-fuel mixture, resulting in an explosion. The piston moves back to the bottom of the cylinder due to the explosion.
- Exhaust: the burnt gas is pushed out as the piston moves upward through the cylinder.
What Is A 2-stroke Engine?
As the name implies, a 2-stroke engine uses only two strokes. The two strokes are known as compression and power strokes. This type of engine combines multiple functions into a single-piston movement. Fuel and air are drawn into the engine’s cylinder during the compression stroke. After this occurs, the spark plug ignites and explodes, causing the piston to be moved downward. When the piston gets to the bottom of the cylinder, the exhaust port becomes exposed, and the exhaust gas is forced out of the port by the cylinder’s pressure. The process of ignition and explosion is known as the power stroke because it results in the generation of power.
A 2-stroke engine has a single port that serves as the intake and exhaust hole. These engines lack valves and, as a result, are easy to operate.
Advantages Of 2-stroke Lawnmower Engines:
- They are more powerful than 4-stroke engines.
- 2-stroke engines have a simple design and are easy to use.
- They are easier to maintain and repair.
- They produce more power than 4-stroke engines.
Disadvantages Of 2-stroke Lawnmower Engines:
- Noise Pollution: 2-stroke engines make a lot of noise.
- They are less durable than 4-stroke engines.
- Malfunctions are more common in them.
- They are expensive to use.
- Environmental pollution: they are bad for the environment because they produce a lot of smoke during combustion.
- They consume more fuel than 4-stroke engines.
What Is A 4-stroke Engine?
4-stroke engines are becoming increasingly popular because of their numerous advantages over 2-stroke engines. As their name implies, they require four strokes to work. These strokes include:
- The Compression Stroke: during this phase, the piston moves up the cylinder, which results in the compression of the air and fuel mixture.
- The Combustion or Power Stroke: this process involves ignition and explosion. The spark plug ignites, causing an explosion to occur. The effect is the downward movement of the piston through the cylinder.
- The Exhaust Stroke: the piston is pushed up during the exhaust stroke. This piston movement causes the burned gas to be pushed out of the exhaust.
- The Intake Stroke: the air-fuel combination is sucked in during an intake stroke as the piston moves down the cylinder.
Newer lawn mower models mostly use 4-stroke engines. They are better for the environment. 4-stroke engines have two separate ports for oil and fuel, and as such, mixing is not required. The oil level and quality are important in these types of engines. If your lawnmower uses a 4-stroke engine, it’s crucial to change the oil frequently and check the levels periodically.
4-stroke engines are usually heavy due to the numerous functions they perform. The machines need to be operated upright so that oil and fuel can get to the engine quickly.
Advantages Of 4-stroke Lawn Mower Engines:
- They are more durable than 2-stroke engines.
- They are more reliable.
- They don’t make a lot of noise, and they are efficient
- They are good for the environment
- They are less prone to damage as they don’t require oil and fuel mixing.
- They produce minimal pollution: they have a lower carbon footprint.
- There’s no need to mix fuel
- They utilize minimal fuel
Disadvantages Of 4-stroke Lawn Mower Engines:
- They have a more complex design than 2-stroke engines
- They are challenging to produce. They are also tricky to fix when damaged.
- They are not cheap to manufacture.
- Their intricate design makes them difficult to maintain
Are 2-stroke Engines Better Than 4-stroke Engines for Lawn Mowers?
It’s difficult to say that one engine is better than the other, as they both have many advantages and disadvantages. These engines are designed to meet several customer needs, and as such, you should pick the one that would suit your needs best when deciding on which to buy. A 2-stroke engine produces more power, so if power is important for you to have in your machine, this type of engine is recommended. On the other hand, a 4-stroke engine is the best option if you need greater efficiency. Both engine types work well, but you should get the one that best suits your needs.
Are 4-stroke Engines More Powerful?
There is no simple answer to this question. 4-stroke engines are often larger than 2-stroke engines, producing more power. However, a 2-stroke engine of the same size and weight is more powerful than a 4-stroke engine. Summarily, 2-stroke engines have a more excellent power-to-weight ratio.
What Happens If You Pour an Oil-fuel Mixture into A 4-stroke Lawn Mower Engine?
Mistakes happen all the time. You may pour the oil-fuel mixture of a 2-stroke engine into your 4-stroke mower engine by mistake. Once you realize this, drain the fuel tank immediately. Doing this won’t cause any damage to your machine. On the other hand, if you don’t notice it on time and start your engine, there will be a lot of smoke coming from the exhaust. Your spark plug may become damaged during this process, and it would have to be replaced.
Are All Lawn Mower 4-stroke?
No, not all lawn mowers are 4-strokes. However, 4-stroke machines have become very popular among consumers because they are better for the environment. People are increasingly leaning towards getting lawn mowers with 4-stroke engines because more people are becoming more aware of how what they use might affect the environment.