The process of watering new grass involves constant daily attention to sustain the healthy germination of your grass seed. Mature grass can go several days up to several weeks without water, surviving on stored nutrients in their roots. Grass seed, on the other hand, lacks these roots, and therefore has little tolerance to dry conditions.
Depending on the conditions, grass seed can go no longer than 24 hours without water. If temperatures are mild and there’s no direct sunlight, grass seed can go without water for up to 24 hours; however, if it’s warm and sunny, grass seed won’t survive much longer than 12 hours without water. Missing more than a day of watering grass seed will cause your tender seedlings to dry up and die.
Why is Watering New Grass So Important?
Along with having air, nutrients, and the correct temperature, water is one of the key elements that new grass needs during germination. Watering grass seed is a meticulous process that requires constant attention every day over the first few weeks following seeding.
It’s important to note that both underwatering and overwatering can be just as damaging to new grass during germination. You need to keep the planting area consistently moist, without watering to the point where the turf is soggy or waterlogged. Your grass seed will dry out and die if you don’t water it enough; oppositely, if you water too much, you risk suffocating the seed in the saturated turf.
Not only is it crucial to water enough, but the soil must also be sufficiently aerated before seeding. Lawn aeration is a necessary step when preparing your soil for seed in order to break up soil compaction; compact soil prevents the movement of essential elements like air, nutrients, and water in the turf. Aerating your soil creates the space for water to permeate deep into the ground where it can be taken up by the roots of your thirsty grass seedlings.
How Often Should New Grass Seed Be Watered?
Generally speaking, you should water new grass seed 2 to 3 times daily until the grass sprouts above the soil. This typically takes about 1 week, after which you can reduce your watering sessions to once per day. However, the exact frequency of your watering sessions may vary depending on your soil type and your area’s climate.
For instance, during periods of hot, sunny weather, you may need to water more frequently; it may be necessary to water up to 4 or 5 times daily to prevent the seed from drying out. It’s also likely that you will have to water more often if you have sandy soil. Oppositely, clay-heavy soil will retain more moisture and therefore requires less watering to stay moist. As a note, it’s best to amend clay soil before seeding to reduce the likelihood of suffocating your new grass.
When deciding how often to water grass, you must consider factors such as those above and adjust your schedule accordingly. The goal is to keep the top 2 inches of the planting area consistently moist at all times; you should monitor the soil by checking several times per day, and water as soon as the turf dries out.
Will Grass Seed Grow Without Water?
No, grass seed will not grow without water. Moisture in the soil is absolutely necessary to trigger the germination and sustain the growth of your grass seed.
Water in the planting area triggers grass seed germination by soaking into the seed’s husk. It carries nutrients like oxygen and hydrogen from the soil into the seed and delivers them to the seed’s embryo. Once germination begins, the grass seed will continue to absorb water, before sprouting to grow roots and blades. This process takes several weeks, over which the grass plants need a constant supply of water.
How Long Can Grass Seed Go Without Water?
After it begins to germinate, grass seed typically won’t survive more than a day without water. Any grass seeds that have started germination will dry out and die within 24 hours of the soil drying out. In high heat or extreme drought, it may only take 12 hours of soil dryness for the seed to die.
As we’ve explained, grass seed requires a minimum of 2 to 3 daily watering sessions during the early stages of germination. Young grass seedlings have yet to develop full roots and are therefore unable to survive without a constant supply of water.
Mature grass, on the other hand, is able to survive through temporary periods of drought. In dry spells, mature grass turns brown and appears dead. This is simply a survival mechanism known as dormancy; although the blades appear dead, the crown of the plants remain alive, surviving on nutrients stored in the grass’ roots. Grass can remain in this state for several weeks without dying, with growth resuming once they receive water again.
As such, your grass will be able to go without water once it matures and develops a full root system. It will take several months after planting your seed before your grass reaches this stage of establishment. Up until this point, your grass seed won’t be able to go a day without water either from rainfall or irrigation.
How Quickly Does Grass Seed Dry Out?
Depending on the growing conditions, grass seed can dry out within 12 to 24 hours of having no available water. Young grass seedlings will begin to dry out as soon as the soil dries out around them. It can be as little as 12 hours before the seedlings die off, at which point they will not recover.
Again, how quickly your grass seed dries out will depend on the climate in your area. Your grass seed is more likely to survive without water under cooler temperatures, low wind, and no direct sunlight; you may be able to revive your seedlings if you miss a day of watering in these conditions. In high temperatures and direct sunlight, your seedlings will begin to suffer the effects of drought much more quickly.
Can You Miss a Day of Watering Grass Seed?
Realistically, you can’t miss a day of watering grass seed if you don’t want your grass seedlings to dry out and die. If more than 24 hours have passed since your grass seedlings last had moisture, they may be beyond revival.
That isn’t to say there’s no chance of saving your grass seed if it has only been without water for a day or two. Providing temperatures are mild, you may still be able to salvage your seedlings.
What to Do if You Missed a Day of Watering Grass Seed
- In the morning, water the planting area deeply to fully rehydrate the soil. Add enough water to moisten the turf to a depth of about 5 inches.
- Minimize disturbance to the planting area by refraining from walking on the soil. If possible, keep all traffic off the soil completely to avoid trampling the delicate seedlings.
- Continue to water following a sufficient watering schedule for new grass as detailed previously in this article.
- If you’re really concerned, add a high-phosphorus fertilizer to the planting area to support the recovery of your seedlings. This would be worthwhile if you’ve missed more than one day of watering.
Is Morning Dew Enough for Grass Seed?
Morning dew is not enough for grass seed on its own. The moisture from morning dew will keep the planting area moist in the early hours of the morning; however, it will not provide enough moisture to sustain the seedlings when the sun starts to rise.
The best time to water your lawn is in the early morning between the hours of 6am and 10am. Even if you can see morning dew on the grass, you still need to carry out this watering session. Cool nighttime temperatures and dew on the grass are enough to keep grass seed moist overnight; this is why it isn’t necessary nor advisable to water your lawn at night.
Once the sun begins to rise, the morning dew will quickly evaporate off the grass blades. Your seedlings will then be left without any moisture above or below the soil line until you water later in the afternoon. For this reason, you should still water your lawn in the early morning regardless of the presence of morning dew.
Can You Over Water Grass Seed?
Yes, you can overwater grass seed. Overwatering can be just as damaging to grass seed as failing to water it enough.
If you missed a day of watering grass seed, you may try to compensate by watering more frequently and deeply. This will not improve germination rates or revive dried-out seedlings; it will only reduce the number of seeds that germinate. Overwatering can also wash away seeds completely, and may cause seeds that remain in the planting area to rot.
When to Stop Watering New Grass Seed
You can stop watering new grass seed on a daily basis when the grass fully establishes itself in the soil. When grass is fully established, it will have completed germination and grown to be roughly 1 inch tall.
It will take about 3 to 4 weeks after seeding for your new grass to reach this stage; at this point, you can reduce your watering sessions following a watering schedule for mature grass. A regular watering schedule involves adding 1 to 1.5 inches of water in one to two deeper sessions.